The environment refers to everything that exists in or on a planet and all of its inhabitants, both living and non-living. It also includes all natural systems and processes, including landforms, atmosphere, ecosystems, flora and fauna, and biota. The natural environment is a broad category encompassing the entire Earth, although it is often used as a narrow category within a broader environment. The natural environment is frequently thought of when it comes to science fiction movies, where it is sometimes contrasted with the unknown or esoteric. In actuality, the environment is very complex and it is the subject of many scientific theories.


One of the most important aspects of the environment is the environment itself. The environment is comprised of the earth’s surface as well as the physical forces that govern the earths crust and composition. The environment also encompasses all life and non-living things existing naturally, which means in this instance non-organic. The word is most commonly used on the earth or parts of the earth system. The earth system is a vast collection of ecosystems or environments, which are located within the earth and interact with one another and with the Earth’s atmosphere. This interaction results in the observed earth system.

The environment is composed of a large number of components, including visible, audible, and thermal aspects. These components exist in various combinations, which are determined by the physical makeup of the environment, the altitude and weather conditions of the surroundings, and the composition of the soil and vegetation. For example, in a desert there are dust particles and sand, whereas in a forest there are tree leaves and particles, respectively. In short, the environment is classified into five main parts: human-made, environment, biological, physical, and chemical.

Human-created environments include humans and their inventions such as buildings, vehicles, and other technological devices. These types of environment are considered to be the primary ecological factors that determine the survival and persistence of living things. There are three primary drivers of eco-systems, which are changes in climate, land use, and cultural conditions. The primary drivers do not necessarily refer to human activities, but rather biological, physical, and socio-cultural conditions that directly influence ecosystems.

Natural environments are the elements found in the earth, at least initially. They can be found in the air, oceans, rivers, and the soil. They can be classified into two major categories, which are primary and secondary. Primary natural environments comprise the surfaces available to living things and their processes, and they include such examples as wind, sunlight, heat, and running water.

Secondary natural environment is the environment outside of the earth’s surface. It can be created by human intervention, or it can be a combination of human intervention and forces that occur naturally. The natural environment can include landforms and soils, atmosphere, sky, oceans, lakes, rivers, and snow. In a very broad sense, all the earth’s non-living natural resources are considered as the inside environment of the human habitat.